Localised grooming is a form of sexual exploitation – previously referred to as ‘on street grooming’ in the media - where children have been groomed and sexually exploited by an offender, having initially met in a location outside their home.

This location is usually in public, such as a park, cinema, on the street or at a friend’s house.

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This crime has been proscribed in various ways since the International Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women and Children, which was agreed in 1921 as a multilateral treaty of the League of Nations that addressed the problem of international trafficking of women and children for nefarious purposes.

The proscribed traffic was international in nature at that time.

Child groomers might look for opportunities to have time alone with the child, which can be done by offering to babysit; the groomers may also invite the child for sleepovers, for opportunistic bed sharing.

Actions such as online communication have been defended by suspected offenders using the so-called "fantasy defense", in which those accused argue that they were only expressing fantasies and not plans of future behavior. S., case law draws a distinction between those two and some people accused of "grooming" have successfully used this defense.

Similar groups include Perverted-Justice, Dark Justice and Creep Catcher.

Multiple computer programs have been developed to help identify grooming and warn parents.

The Rotherham sex grooming case saw in November 2010 various convictions of child sexual abusers.

In 2012, various members of the Rochdale sex trafficking gang were convicted on various counts.

Online grooming of youngsters via chat rooms and webcams is an area COST team officers are encountering more and more.

To establish a good relationship with a child and the child's family, child groomers might do several things: They might try to gain the child's or parents' trust by befriending them, with the goal of easy access to the child.

In Costa Rica, since April 2013, the Criminal Code section 167 bis, makes it an offence to seduce a child by electronic means.