Gothic industrial dating
During the Bronze Age the corbelled arch came into use such as for beehive tombs.The wheel came into use but was not common until much later.The very simplest shelters, tents, leave no traces.
The Ministry of Justice has warned it will take legal action over “unlawful” industrial action by prison staff.
Officers at jails in England and Wales are threatening to withdraw labour as part of a dispute over pay and pensions.
Copper and bronze were used for the same types of tools as stone such as axes and chisels, but the new, less brittle, more durable material cut better.
Bronze was cast into desired shapes and if damaged could be recast. Other uses of copper and bronze were to "harden" the cutting edge of tools such as the Egyptians using copper and bronze points for working soft stone including quarrying blocks and making rock-cut architecture.
Front line staff in areas where the cost of living is higher would see salaries increase to an average of £30,000 a year.
The History of construction overlaps many other fields like structural engineering and rely on other branches of science like archaeology, history and architecture to investigate how the builders lived and recorded their accomplishments.
Members of the Prison Officers Association (POA) will withdraw from voluntary duties, including providing first aid and negotiating in hostage situations, from Wednesday.
Manning of the Tornado teams deployed during disorder is also among the voluntary roles curtailed by the action, while an overtime ban will be introduced from April.
Neolithic architecture ranges from the tent to the megalith (an arrangement of large stones) and rock-cut architecture which are frequently temples, tombs, and dwellings.
The most remarkable Neolithic structure in Western Europe is the iconic megalith known as Stonehenge, regarded by some archaeologists as displaying methods of timber construction such as at woodhenge translated into stone, a process known as petrification.
In addition to living in caves and rock shelters, the first buildings were simple shelters, tents like the Inuit's tupiq, and huts sometimes built as pit-houses meant to suit the basic needs of protection from the elements and sometimes as fortifications for safety such as the crannog.